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-  Creation of the Precinct for the Inspection of Entry, Stay and Exit of Foreigners (Delegacia de Fiscalização de Entrada, Permanência e Saída de Estrangeiros) and the Immigration and Colonization Council (Conselho de Imigração e Colonização-CIC) in Brazil by Decree n. 406 of May 4.

- Regulation of the expulsion of foreigners in Brazil by Decree n. 392 of April 27.

- Restriction of the entry of Jews in Brazil by Circular n. 1.249 of September 27.


End of the Spanish Civil War. Adoption of a restrictive emigration policy by the Franco regime.


Establishment of the United Nations Refugee Relief Agency – UNRRA by the Allies.


Issue of the emigration passport for agricultural or industrial workers by the Estado Novo regime in Portugal in an effort to limit emigration.


- Decree no. 7967, set as a priority attracting to Brazil immigrants that would bring “the most convenient characteristics of their European ancestry”.

- End of Getulio Vargas dictatorship. Election of Eurico Gaspar Dutra as president of Brazil.


- UN Decision for the creation of the International Refugee Organization (IRO)

- Peron published his First Five-year Plan (1947-1951).

- Creation of two brand-new official organizations for the promotion and the regulation of European migration by Peron: the Argentinian Delegation for the Immigration in Europe (DAIE) and the Commission of Reception and Placement of Immigrants (CREI).


- Establishment of a Migration Division in the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs

- Creation of the Emigration Committee (Junta da Emigração) in Portugal by Decree 36.558/1947

- Signing of a Commercial and Financial Agreement between Argentina and Italy which established that the Italian government would facilitate the emigration of workers to Argentina.

- Signing of a Spanish - Argentine Emigration Treaty. Relaxation of emigration restrictions.


- Signing of a Commercial Agreement between Argentina and Spain, whose articles 30 and 31 promoted the emigration of skilled workers to Argentina.

- Creation of the mixed Brazil-IRO Commission with the task to regulate the settlement of refugees by Decree 25.796 of November 10.


- Presentation of the “development doctrine” by US President Harry Truman, in the famous “Point Four” of his inaugural address in January 1949.

- Bilateral migration agreement between Italy and Brazil.


- Creation of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

- Re-election of Getúlio Vargas as president of Brazil.


Establishment of the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME): Greece, Italy, Brazil, Chile within the funding member-states in December 1951.


- PICMME became Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM)

- Argentina joined in ICEM

- Signing of an agreement between the Italian Government and ICEM in April, with the aim to introduce schemes for the emigration of Italians to South America.

- Inauguration of Land Settlement schemes by ICEM

- Peron published his Second Five-year plan (1953-1957).


- Getúlio Vargas committed suicide

- The National Institute for Immigration and Colonization (Instituto Nacional de Imigração e Colonização-INIC) replaced the Council of Immigration and Colonization in Brazil.


- Election of Juscelino Kubitschek as president of Brazil with a developmentalist agenda.

- Peron’s overthrow from power by a military coup.


- Spain joined in ICEM.

- South American countries received a part of the Hungarian refugees after the Soviet invasion.


- Accord on Friendship and Consultation between Portugal and Brazil.

- Arturo Frondizi became Argentina’s president and followed developmentalist policies during his government (1958-1962)
- Cuban Revolution

- New bilateral migration agreement between Italy and Brazil.

- Inauguration of the ICEM International Vocational Training Center in Salerno, Italy.

- ICEM Council decided to focus on migration of qualified workers from Europe to Latin America. 

- Jânio Quadros is elected president of Brazil


- US President Kennedy launched the Alliance for Progress, a program of economic aid to foster economic growth and strengthen representative democracy in Latin America.

- João Goulart assumed the presidency of Brazil after the abdication of Jânio Quadros.


- Argentina’s president Arturo Frondizi was overthrown from power by a military coup.


- A civil-military coup deposed João Goulart. Adoption of a more restrictive immigration policy by the dictatorship.

- Inauguration by ICEM of the Selective Migration Schemes for Latin American countries.


- Establishment of Onganía’s dictatorship (1966-1970) in Argentina, after president Arturo Ilia was overthrown from power.


- Marcelo Gaetano assumed power in Portugal, after António de Oliveira Salazar became debilitated.


- Agreement on Social Security between Portugal and Brazil.


- Creation of the National Secretariate for Emigration (Secretariado Nacional da Emigração) in Portugal by Decree 420.